What do plants need to be healthy to grow and create the produce we eat? We have some new plants in our food garden. We would like to have the best results possible from these plants, what can we do to keep them healthy?
Use the activity sheet to help build the discussion.
What does a flowering plant need to grow? Water, sunlight, air, soil, care.
What helps to keep plants healthy? Rich nutrients in the soil, lots of beneficial pollinators, mulch, lots of care, pest and disease control.
What are some of the threats to healthy plants? Pests, disease, weather variations, planting in the wrong season, neglect.
What is a pesticide? Discuss that a pesticide is a solution created to treat, deter or destroy pests and diseases that attack plants.
Why should we use a natural pesticide? Discuss that while treating plant pests and diseases, we do not want to harm the soil, water sources, other plants, beneficial insects, wildlife or people. Pesticides are often pest species specific.
Discuss how to identify plant pests. Use the online guides or a book for background information.
Aphids and scale are common garden pests so we will look at ways to manage aphids by preparing a solution using environmentally friendly ingredients.
Children can investigate these and other insects in their garden, using magnifying glasses to look up close. Refer to the online and printable resources to learn and help with identification.